TOMBS AND THRACIAN TEMPLES

The Kazanlak tomb
The Sveshtari Thracian tomb
Perpericon

There is a considerable number of monuments from the Thracian culture in Bulgaria, and today we keep discovering new ones. One of the most significant discoveries are:

The Kazanlak tomb

The Thracian copular tomb of Kazanlak is formed by three departments: a rectangular hall, a brick corridor in a frame of ingrained stones and a funeral room. World famous for its wall paintings, this is the only monument from the High Hellenistic period (IV-III century) in Bulgaria, preserved in its integrity and protected by the UNESCO. It dates from the end of the IV century and the first quarter of the III century BC. The frescos in the interior represent a funeral banquette. The artist who decorated the tomb used the red, black, white and green colours. The paintings from the funeral room are the ones that have the biggest artistic value. The main characters are the sovereign and his wife, and their images are exposed at the entrance. The two characters are sitting at a table full of meals. There are lots of servants surrounding them who bring them presents.


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The Sveshtari Thracian tomb

It dates from the IV-III century BC, and represents a precious monument that takes the breath away of its visitors. The funeral room is decorated with sculptures, architectural ornaments and frescos that represent a procession of servants. In the central scene a goddess crowns a horseman, in an eventual deification of a noble Thracian man. The originality of the decoration of the tomb is the appearance of ten female figures in the form of caryatids that, till that moment, was never used in Thracia. They were painted in red, ochre, blue, violet and brown. These caryatids are commonly related to goddesses that have the extremities of snakes or plants. But, it is also possible that they represent the Mother Goddess as a goddess of the world of vegetables, animals and fertility. It is evident that this is a fertility goddess who is reborn and rules the afterlife.

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Perpericon

The sacred Thracian town in Piperikon represents a unique complex of a fortification, one castle, residential areas and centres for adoration, at 250 km to the southeast from Sofia. Here recently in 2002 was discovered the famous Dionysus temple. It is believed that this discovery is only comparable to the Troy and Mikena ones. As well as their neighbours the ancient Greeks, the Thracian adored wine and fertility. The temple is situated in an oval room ingrained in stones, which existed between the 1800 BC and the V century BC. According to the legends, it was exactly in Piperikon where, in a sacred ritual the high priest, in trance, predicted by the smoke raised by the burning wine in the altar, that the Great Alexander would conquer the world.