HISTORY

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History of the territory and the state of Bulgaria in dates:

7.000 – 2.000 BC. Unknown populations of the homo sapiens invaded Europe through the Balkan Peninsula.
2.000 – 1.100 BC.  Thracian appearance, which glorious civilization originated the philosophies and tenets that after were inherited and developed by the ancient Greeks.
342 BC. Philip from Macedonia conquered Thracia, which remained in his domination for 50 years
100 BC. The Romans occupied the Bulgarian territory and started an intensive construction of villages, theatres, stadiums and aqueducts.
500 AC. The Slav tribes came and absorbed the Thracian-Iliric population.
651 AC. Khan Asparoukh settled south of the delta of the Danube River.
681 - 1018. FIRST BULGARIAN STATE. Founded by Khan Asparoukh, with Pliska as its capital.
855 - The writer and translator Cyril invented the first Slav alphabet, and with his brother Methodius and their pupils, translated a considerable part of the gospel in Slav language.
865 - Prince Boris I established Orthodox Christianity as the official religion for the Bulgarian State
893 - 927. Golden Age for Bulgaria: Simeon the Great achieved cultural, political and territorial upsurges, and he obtained a territory that reached three seas- the Aegean, the Black and the Adriatic Seas.
1018 - 1185. Byzantium domination.
1185 - 1396. SECOND BULGARIAN STATE, established in Veliko Tarnovo by the two brothers Asen y Petar.
1197 - 1207. Tsar Kaloyan recovered power and restored the former boundaries of Bulgaria.
1218 - 1241. During the reign of Tsar Ivan Asen II Bulgaria flourished again economically, politically and culturally, and obtained political supremacy in Eastern Europe.
1393 -  Turkish invasion and conquest of the capital of Veliko Tarnovo.
1393 - 1878. Ottoman domination. This is the hardest period in the history of the country that halted the economical, political and social development.
1700 - 1878. BULGARIAN RENAISSANCE, characterized by the crafts and cultural life development, and the struggle for religious and political independence.
1762 - Paisiy Hilendarsky finished his book “Slav-Bulgarian History”, the first history of Bulgaria in a modern language, aimed to awaken the national conscience and the fight for religious and political independence.
1876 - The “April Uprising,” suppressed with an unforeseen brutality, and, as a consequence, Russia declared war to Turkey.
1877 - 1878. Russian-Turkish War and liberation of Bulgaria.
1879 - 1944. THIRD BULGARIAN STATE.
1912 - First Balkan War.
1913 - Second Balkan War, or War of the Allies.
1914 - 1918. Bulgaria entered the First World War, as an ally of Germany having in mind the recovery of its lands lost during the War of the Allies, what led the country to the second national catastrophe where Bulgaria lost even more of its territories.
1918 - 1942. Kingdom of Boris III, the last tsar of Bulgaria.
1944 - The Soviet army arrived in Bulgaria, and, supported by the Patriotic Front and the Communist Party, they ended the pro Nazi regime. This was the beginning of the Communist regime.
1946 - After a referendum Bulgaria was declared a “popular republic”.
1989 – End of the Communist regime.
Since 1990 started the democratic period and the transition to a market economy, period which has not yet finalized.
2004 – Bulgaria is already a NATO member and is waiting for its integration to the European Union in 2007.