CULTURE

THE THRACIANS
THE SLAVS
THE PROTOBULGARS

<< BACK

THE THRACIANS

This interesting warlike population, which inhabited for centuries our lands, believed in the immortality of the spirit and in a real life beyond the grave. Divided in various tribes, Thracians dedicated themselves to livestock and agriculture, and afterwards founded several kingdoms where they developed a civilization with a very rich spiritual and cultural life. The Thracian dominated the arts and foreign techniques, and created an original culture which splendour was in the V and III century BC. The archaeological discoveries revealed a very advanced culture and religious beliefs reflected in numerous sanctuaries. Nowadays all along Bulgaria there are many perfectly preserved Thracian temples, tumulus and tombs, which relate about this great civilization that notoriously influenced the philosophical currents of the ancient Hellenes. Bulgaria is the native land of Orpheus, Dionysus and the mythic hero Spartacus, which are part of the ancient mythology and the legends told time after time.

TOP

THE SLAVS

Initially the Slav tribes were located along the central part of Europe. Its traditions, lifestyle and racial type were similar to the Germanics. The Slavs were tall, blond, with blue eyes and white skin. They had a sedentary life and subsisted on a primitive agriculture, livestock, hunting and ... armed assaults. In that period the Slavs did not know the different ways of organization of a state. At the end of the IV century they started their migrations throughout all Europe and reached the Balkans. They did not have troops nor did they had cavalry and were armed in a very primitive way. And, in spite of it all, something incredible happened: in only 100 years, despite the big number of victims in the fights against the Romans, the Slavs managed to penetrate and settled down in the Balkan Peninsula, conquering the territory once inhabited by the Thracians.

TOP

THE PROTOBULGARS

The ancestors of the Protobulgars left Central Asia heading towards Europe in the first century BC. They were a population with wide knowledge in diverse areas: urban culture, agriculture, livestock, medicine, innovative war tactics, political and social system, etc. Their achievements in the processing of metals made possible the production of arms and armours that allowed them to maintain their army very well armed. Through the centuries and the migratory waves, one of the sons of Khan Kubrat /the last khan of Great Bulgaria/, Asparuj, leading several groups, settled down in the plain lands close to the delta of Danube. This tiny territory was called Bulgaria. Meanwhile, in the Balkan Peninsula the Slavs were threatened by the Byzantium Empire, which, in 680 was planning its definitive attack to establish its domination. Facing this threat, the Slavs asked for help and made a defensive plan with the Bulgars. After their victory, in 681, Asparuj declared founded the Bulgarian state, where the Slavs were to form an integral part of it.

TOP